AP&P2P Network provides a record retention guide in the Resources >> AP Accounting Forms and Checklists section, covering accounts payable documents. At the bottom of that guide is a link to IRS publication 583, Starting a Business and Keeping Records, which provides additional guidelines.
For other areas, you should be able to find a number of guides and lists on the Web simply by searching for "record retention guide" or "document retention guide," but be sure to consider the source of the results you find, and be warned, not all records retention guides will agree. For example, while many lists cite 7 years as the length of time to keep accounts payable ledgers and schedules, a few cite 6 years. Here are a few lists we found that you might find helpful:
There are also lists available that focus on specific areas in some detail, for example, human resources records (click here and here), and some states provide information as well, often tied to specific statutes. See the state websites.